Jesus had been performing miracles in Gods nation - Israel. My ways are subtler, and for this reason perhaps even more insidious. Another indication of demonic control is the fact that this man was continually doing harm to himself by gashing himself with stones (verse 5). Description:Modern Jerash lies on both banks of Wady Jerash, about 6 miles from its confluence with Wady ez-Zerqa (the Jabbok). Asked December 18 2016 Classical theological commentary cited this story to argue that animals have no moral importance in Christianity. Over his son GAD he said: "Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last." Now WHERE in the New Testament do you remember hearing about something like a 'troop'? As indicated in the textual note, the best Greek text reads Gerasenes in Mark and Luke, Gadarenes in Matthew. The Gerasenes must have had some understanding of why they are reproached or they would not respond as they do. And all the people in the region of the Gerasenes begged Jesus to go away and leave them alone, for a great wave of fear swept over them. Also, frequently associated with demon possession was a super-human strength (cf. 14:13-21. Mention is made of the strength of the site and the mighty masonry of its walls. Modern Jerash lies on both banks of Wady Jerash, about 6 miles from its confluence with Wady ez-Zerqa (the Jabbok). Are we welcoming him into our lives? This town is not to be confused with either Gerasa or Gadara. The tomb-man from Gadara looked up at Jesus again. Lane believes the modern Kersa is the most likely place: The point of arrival is indicated in a general way as the district of the Gerasenes, most probably in reference to a town whose name is preserved in the modern Kersa or Koursi. Who would have thought that the Son of God looked so much like other Jewish men? He had thought he'd been living in hell already. The story of the Gerasene demoniac is surely one of the strangest in the Gospels. But Jesus had other plans. Ouija boards are found in many American homes. 16K views, 545 likes, 471 loves, 3K comments, 251 shares, Facebook Watch Videos from EWTN: Starting at 8 a.m. T. H. Huxley, in his Essays upon some Controverted Questions (1892), made merry over the escapade of the Gadarene swine, running the seven miles between Gadar and the lake of Galilee, crossing the deep river Yarmuk en route. Hence there was demon-worship, the worship not necessarily of evil spirits; but of the spirits of those who had existed in the Golden Age. G. Campbell Morgan, The Gospel According to Mark (New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1927), p. 114. In the third chapter of Marks Gospel, our Lords miraculous works were attributed by His opponents to the power of Satan (verse 22). [6], The location is also changed to the region of the "Gadarenes" (Gadara) as in most Bible translations. I realize that opening myself fully to you threatens my comfortable status quo. The modern village Jarash is situated on the hillside above the ruins, built with stones from the ruins. Why does Jesus tell several people that He heals not to tell anyone, but in John 8:39 He tells the man healed of a legion to go and tell everyone? People try to make Jesus king; he walks on sea; heals many. As an alternative to confinement, the demons posed the option of being permitted to enter the pigs, some 2,000 in number, feeding nearby. How do I stop the Flickering on Mode 13h? Nevertheless, for consideration. [5] One detail that is unique to Luke's version is a reference to both the demoniacs nakedness and his subsequent clothing. The commission of our Lord is considerably different from His instructions to the Israelites whom He had delivered. With your gift of any size, youll enable us to continue equipping Christians with high-quality biblically-based content. Here in Mark, he purposely set out to travel into another land. The Roman city Gerasa was a famous city that would have been familiar to a Gentile audience, but Gadara, as the capital city of the Roman province of Perea, was the chief of the ten cities in Decapolis (Lenski, 1946, p. 205; Coffman, 1975, p. 85; Youngblood, 1995, p. 468), so even those who lived in Gerasa could have been called Gadarenes. Josephus names it as marking the eastern limit of Peraea (BJ, III, iii, 3). What Is hyssop and why Is It so significant in the Bible? especially fn. 8:33-34; Mk 5:14-17; Lk 8:34-37 It was a leading city of Syria in commerce, culture, and religion. He dispatched Lucius Annius with a force of cavalry and an army of foot soldiers, who took the city on the first attack, slaughtering a thousand young men, taking their families captive, plundering and burning the city and the surrounding towns (Jos. No ostracism hangs over you.' A small crowd of people was approaching, with the pig herdsmen leading the way. When Jesus asked his name the man answered, Legion, for we are many (Mark 5:9). It is something like the behavior and personality change in a man who is totally intoxicated. Thanks for contributing an answer to Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange! Welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics! Why was Jesus going to walk past the disciples as they were rowing on the Sea of Galilee? The ego is so impaired that the spirits speak through him. Paul tells us that our struggle is, at bottom, a spiritual one (Ephesians 6:12). As Jesus began to get back into the boat, the delivered demoniac pleaded with Him that he might accompany Him. Does a password policy with a restriction of repeated characters increase security? This man demonstrated all four characteristics. Lane, Mark, p. 182, fn. He was used to seeing fear in their eyes. and thank you for your contribution. You may unsubscribe from Bible Gateways emails at any time. The herd, about two thousand in number, rush down the steep bank into the sea and are drowned. Romans Bible Study, Chapter 5 Romans 5 speaks about justification and our relationship to Adam. The herdsmen who witnessed this event spread the news to the people living in that area. [14][3] Such alternative readings include arguments that the swine were meant to represent the Roman army or "unclean and unfaithful" people because pigs were considered "unclean" for the Jews in this image, and the loss of these animals was not dangerous. People had tried to tie him down but he was too strong to be bound, even with chains, for he would always break out of them; night and day among the tombs and in the hills he would cry out and cut himself with stones. There is, as we know, the world, the flesh, and the Devil. Rather, they attributed the power of Jesus to Satan (Mark 3:22). His greatest impact would be on those who knew his former state. tar command with and without --absolute-names option. 1). rev2023.5.1.43404. "Doesn't Jesus Treat Animals as Property?". The lose of the pigs meant loose of partial income in the area. Vector Projections/Dot Product properties. Then the Livestock Association and consumer groups would have been greatly distressed over the sudden decrease in the pig population and the resulting impact on pork prices. For those who are shaken like leaves in the wind at the mention of demons, let us remember from this story that demons cannot even possess pigs without prior permission from our Lord. density matrix. In this account we, by inference, learn much about the demonic spirits. Girard notes that, in the demoniac's self-mutilation, he seems to imitate the stoning that the local villagers would likely have attempted to use against him to cast him out of their society, while the villagers themselves show by their reaction to Jesus that they are not primarily concerned with the good of the man possessed by demons: Notice the mimetic character of this behavior. And now, with the demons gone, nothing he had ever experienced came close to the safety and peace he felt simply being near Jesus. Pigs were specifically set aside as the animal used in sacrifices to their god. So Jesus had to cross the lake twice. The time of this event was before Jesus' crucifixion, and before the gentiles were grafted in to the promise (Acts 10). At Luke 8:27, the gospel writer notes that the demoniac wore no clothes. Ruins of the temple of Artemis, some columns still standing, are on another hillside above the ruins. Joseph blessed his 12 sons and prophesied over each. But the city of Gadara owned some territory round about Khersa, so that the district and the pigs could properly also be called Gadarene. F. F. Bruce, Are the New Testament Documents Reliable? ", Jesus looked hard at him without speaking. We greatly appreciate your consideration! Apologetics Press is a non-profit, tax-exempt organization dedicated to the defense of New Testament Christianity. Probably Capernaum . 18). And now here was someone even more powerful. And those who had seen it reported to them how the man who was demon-possessed had been made well. So, Jews think that God does not want them to keep pigs. The man jumped up and said to him, "Sir, please, may I go with you? It was the terror of the damned. Jewish theology, at least on this point, seems consistent with biblical revelation. (5) Torment. When the pigs were sent into the sea, the people of Gadara lost money. The Greek word in Matthew 8:28, however, reveals that Jesus went to the country of the Gadarenes (p. 23). They themselves are equally pleased by both errors, and hail a materialist or a magician with the same delight.110. The lesson of this passage is that Satan is a defeated foe. It was on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee, and must have been a locality where the steep edges of the Bashan plateau drop close upon the brink of the lake. Most people in the world have no experience of lasting joy in their lives. conquest of Syria in 65 b.c. Immediately, the pigs ran into the lake. Horoscopes and astrological predictions are found in most major newspapers. They came to Jesus and saw the demoniac sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, the very man who had had the legion; and they were afraid. (1995), New Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Nashville, TN: Nelson). All of us may be so concerned with our own livelihoods that we fail to serve other people and help those in desperat Then he put his reassuring hand on the man's shoulder again and said, "Return to your home, and declare how much God has done for you.". Also, the wholesale slaughter of these pigs dramatically illustrated the destructive purposes of the demons. Many ancient tombs are to be seen in the face of the hills. The price tag of possession was high, for those who fell victim to the demons agonized in constant torment. The best text in Matthew reads Gadarenes, in Mark and Luke it reads Gerasenes, whereas some MSS preserve Gergesenes and Gergustenes (cf. It would be hard to imagine a more horrible state] c and for a long time he had worn no clothes, Some of the proposed answers to this question are totally unacceptable to an orthodox, evangelical Christian.123 By way of explanation, there are several factors which should be given serious consideration. The spectrum ranges from those who seem to control the demonic powers to those who are utterly controlled by them. The ruins are wide and imposing and are better preserved than any others on the East of Jordan. Suddenly a furious storm came up on the lake, so that the waves swept over the boat. 112 Skeptics and liberals have made much of the differences between the Gospel writers as to the place Jesus landed with His disciples. (2) Pork was a food forbidden to Jews, and as such, those who raised these pigs may have done so knowingly in violation of divine injunction. Unbelieving men may not rave and carry on like the Gerasene demoniac, but they are nevertheless under Satans control, doing his bidding. In Galilee and Judea there were Messianic hopes which would have been quickly fanned into flames if the miracles of Jesus were too widely publicized. In addition, Matthew includes the comment, Have You come here to torment us before the time? (Matthew 8:29). This makes sense, I couldn't believe they asked Jesus to leave. The sons of god ended up becoming the gods of these nations. It shows that the writers had not agreed to impose on the world; for if they had, they would have mentioned the same city; and it shows, also, they were familiar with the country. Jesus permitted the *demons to do this. (Jos. Once a menace to society, now a messenger with words of deliverance and healing. I'll follow you anywhere! What does 'They're at four. Jesus' visits to the Decapolis can help us understand some aspects of his ministry that would not be as clear if they had occurred in Jerusalem, Capernaum, or some other "orthodox" Jewish site. The gospels. What happened to the evil spirits Jesus cast out of the man named "Legion" after the swine drowned? Josephus mentions it with Pella and Golan as being taken by storm during Alexander Jannaeus campaign E of the Jordan in about 83 b.c. Declare how much God has done for you. Its architecture was of the Corinthian order, quite lavish and imposing, with columns from three to four ft. in diameter and about thirty ft. high. 9:10-17. and 1 Kings xxii. We come to a riveting, compelling, fascinating, gripping story, an incident in the life of our Lord which introduces us again to His divine power. Matthew 8:4; Luke 8:56). Stack Exchange network consists of 181 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. This condition is fulfilled only by the district immediately South of Wady Semak, North of Qal `at el-Chucn. The other is to believe, and to feel an excessive and unhealthy interest in them. Jesus' arrival on the scene introduced a spiritual power stronger than Legion, which upset the social balance by removing the scapegoat. As you heal me, as you empower me, as you use me for your purposes, my life will never be the same. Then they sailed to the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite Galilee. How many men came out to meet Jesus in Gerasene? 2,8) who can possess men and animals. It was like being attacked by two Hulks. They probably thought of quickly getting aboard ship and pushing off. 5 They went across the lake to the region of the Gerasenes. There seems to be no excuse here for the charge of contradiction. We don't want any more trouble here!" If you have any issues, please call the office at 385-246-1048 or email us at [emailprotected], by Matt Slick | Apr 13, 2023 | Bible Studies. Contrasting the self-destruction of the herd of pigs with the typical motif of an individual evil-doer being pushed over a cliff by an undifferentiated mob (cf. The words "return to your home" must have made this man's heart sink. Vote Up Gerasa was a city situated near the Jabbok River about eighteen m. E of the Jordan, about twenty m. SE of Pella, and twenty m. N of Philadelphia. REPRODUCTION & DISCLAIMERS: We are happy to grant permission for this article to be reproduced in part or in its entirety, as long as our stipulations are observed. Moreover, this story challenges us to examine our own reaction to Jesus., Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2022, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 7 March 2023, at 07:06. The before and after descriptions of the demoniac reveal that he was a totally different person under demonic influence. The ruins also show evidence of a dozen churches, dating in the Byzantine period (4th-7th centuries) indicating that this once was a large Christian community. It is clear that Matthew, Mark, and Luke did not contradict each otherin fact, they complemented each other. One day we will see the Lord face-to-face and enjoy His presence forever. 1 Response Then they began to beg Jesus to leave their neighborhood. They were jumping to the wrong conclusions. The Madman. Then they began to beg Jesus to leave their neighbourhood. led to the substitute reading Gergesenes, a reading that was suggested by a study of the geography of the area. By His power, we, too, are able to overcome Satans treacheries. 1), and apparently occupied these cities with Jewish patriots. Obviously the writer, Luke, is intending to write a history of Jesus Christ that proves that He . The people were afraid when they saw the possessed man healed. Mark 5:16 says the thoughts of the people were on the swine. Capernaum. Ptolemy says Gerasa was a city in Coele-Syria, thirty-five travel m. from Pella. Every resource on our site was made possible through the financial support of people like you. [a] There, a man "possessed by a demon" comes from the caves to meet him. He lived there among the tombs and graves. The most likely answer is to the country of the Gerasenes: i.e., Gerasa, a Greek town thought to be the same as the similarly-named Kersa on the east shore of Lake Tiberias. The destructive desires of the demons were dramatically carried out in the drowning of the swine. iii. Yet, on a deeper level, they we afraid of how Jesus might impact their lives. Jesus allows the fleeing evil spirits to enter a herd of pigs which promptly run into the sea and drown. Demons are highly organized (cf. Theologian Tom Wright calls him "the first apostle to the gentiles". They came to Jesus and saw the demoniac sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, the very man who had had the legion; and they were afraid. Matt 10:5-6; 15:24). Are there things that perplex you? 1, pp. 125 This is the position of Lane, Mark, p. 187. ii. In this context, however, he insists that legion has nothing of its usual Roman military overtones, but is the designation of numerous powers which oppose themselves to Jesus as the embodiment of the power of God. Lane, Mark, fn. A word of clarification is in order here for we must recognize that in this account the dark side of Satan is exposed, but this is perhaps the more unusual side of Satan. 0 Responses We do not know why they chose to mention only one. In all his tormented years, he had never felt anything like the terror that coursed through him when he saw Jesus get out of the boat. Then people came to see what it was that had happened. In this light, Matthew identified the exorcism with the local center of power, Gadara, located about ten kilometres southeast of Sea of Galilee, whereas Mark identified the event with the regional center of power, Gerasa, located further inland. No other place on the E side of the sea fits this requirement of the story. Why did the demon-possessed Gadarene bow down before Jesus? He felt Jesus' reassuring hand on his shoulder. F. F. Bruce adds additional helpful insight: According to the best texts, Matthew calls it the country of the Gadarenes (viii. The forum, with a semicircle of columns still standing, was paved with large cut stones. It is in no way certain, however, that the pig raisers were Jews. 1. GERASA, GERASENES ( , ). It was significant. I will not ask him to leave. The differing geographical references to Gadara and Gerasa can be understood in light of the social, economic, and political influence each city exerted over the region. get to know the Bible better! Romans 6 speaks about our identification with Christ in baptism and being dead to sin and alive in Christ. Before the war it was a Gentile settlement. If there are two demoniacs, there is certainly at least one; therefore, there is no contradiction. The Synoptic Gospels record one episode of Jesus calming a violent storm: "Then [Jesus] got into the boat and his disciples followed him. Five squad cars converged on it. overseas screening disqualifications air force,
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